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The climate change potential effects on the run-of-river plant and the environmental and economic dimensions of sustainability.

In this work, we evaluate the environmental and economic sustainability dimensions of a run-of-river hydroelectric plant operation regarding environmental impacts and potential direct and indirect effects of climate change. Results suggest the generation of a vicious cycle of clean generation and di...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/09/2021
  • 1:12 PM

Combining regional to local restoration goals in the Brazilian Atlantic forest

To achieve regional and international large-scale restoration goals with minimum costs, several restoration commitments rely on natural regeneration, a passive and inexpensive strategy. However, natural regeneration potential may vary within the landscape, mainly due to its historical context. In th...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/09/2021
  • 11:05 AM

Levers and leverage points for pathways to sustainability.

Humanity is on a deeply unsustainable trajectory. We are exceeding planetary boundaries and unlikely to meet many international sustainable development goals and global environmental targets. Until recently, there was no broadly accepted framework of interventions that could ignite the transformatio...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 06/09/2021
  • 11:05 AM

Land degradation mapping in the MATOPIBA region (Brazil) using remote sensing data and decision-tree analysis.

The expansion of agricultural activities in Brazil resulted in a loss of approximately 50% of the native vegetation of the Cerrado biome, mainly to the north of the biome in a region known as MATOPIBA. Besides contributing to accelerate climate change, the removal of native vegetation is associated ...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 30/08/2021
  • 2:17 PM

Paisagens e uso da terra em núcleos populacionais e estabelecimentos rurais da região do Baixo Tocantins – Pará.

Este relatório descreve as atividades de campo realizadas na região do Baixo Tocantins, microrregião de Cametá no estado do Pará, nos anos de 2018 e 2019, pela equipe de pesquisa do Laboratório de Investigação em Sistemas Socioambientais (LiSS) do Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (I...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 26/07/2021
  • 1:54 PM

A multi-data assessment of land use and land cover emissions from Brazil during 2000-2019

Brazil is currently the largest contributor of land use and land cover change (LULCC) carbon dioxide net emissions worldwide, representing 17%-29% of the global total. There is, however, a lack of agreement among different methodologies on the magnitude and trends in LULCC emissions and their geogra...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 26/07/2021
  • 1:52 PM

Amazonia as a carbon source linked to deforestation and climate change.

Amazonia hosts the Earth's largest tropical forests and has been shown to be an important carbon sink over recent decades(1-3). This carbon sink seems to be in decline, however, as a result of factors such as deforestation and climate change(1-3). Here we investigate Amazonia's carbon budget and the...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 26/07/2021
  • 1:49 PM

. Non-structural carbohydrates mediate seasonal water stress across Amazon forests.

Non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) are major substrates for plant metabolism and have been implicated in mediating drought-induced tree mortality. Despite their significance, NSC dynamics in tropical forests remain little studied. We present leaf and branch NSC data for 82 Amazon canopy tree species...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/07/2021
  • 4:19 PM

Advancing a toolkit of diverse futures approaches for global environmental assessments

Global Environmental Assessments (GEAs) are in a unique position to influence environmental decision-making in the context of sustainability challenges. To do this effectively, however, new methods are needed to respond to the needs of decision-makers for a more integrated, contextualized and goal-s...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/07/2021
  • 3:58 PM

Is domestic agricultural production sufficient to meet national food nutrient needs in Brazil?

Reducing the impacts of agriculture on the environment is one of the greatest challenges of this century. In Brazil, it is often argued that more land use change is needed to achieve food security. However, analyses seeking to understand the dynamics between agricultural production for exports and f...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/07/2021
  • 3:47 PM

Case Studies on Concentric Gravity Waves Source using Lightning Flash Rate, Brightness Temperature and Backward Ray Tracing at São Martinho da Serra (29.44°S, 53.82°W).

We relate the spatial and temporal distribution of lightning flash rates and cloud top brightness temperature (CTBT) to concentric atmospheric gravity wave (CGW) events observed at the Southern Space Observatory (SSO) in São Martinho da Serra (29.44°S, 53.82°W, 488.7m) in southern Brazil. The ...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/07/2021
  • 2:16 PM

Extreme Rainfall and Hydro-Geo-Meteorological Disaster Risk in 1.5, 2.0, and 4.0°C Global Warming Scenarios: An Analysis for Brazil.

With the inclusion of demographic characteristics of the population living in vulnerable areas, a combination of empirical and climate models was used to project changes to climate and in hydro-geo-meteorological disasters in Brazil. This study investigated the effect of extreme rainfall changes and...
  • por Portal Padrão
  • publicado
  • 07/07/2021
  • 1:09 PM